Architecture for extreme climate in Neyed and eastern provinces
In the Neyed region, the climate is hot and dry and the high daytime temperatures drop dramatically at night. A typical house in the area is two storeys high, built around an open, square or rectangular central courtyard, which serves to regulate the temperature and as a private space for the resident family. In addition, the roof level was also used for sleeping in summer. The local material available for building Neyed houses was traditionally mud, with which the walls were plastered and sun-dried bricks were made. The exterior walls are usually thick (80 to 100 cm) and windowless or with very small windows, to insulate the interiors from the extremes of day and night temperatures. In addition, Nayed houses were built on both sides of narrow alleys to avoid the sun’s rays and provide shade for residents and passers-by.
In the eastern provinces, houses have similar characteristics to those of the Neyed. After all, although their climate is more humid due to the proximity of the waters of the Persian Gulf, temperatures are still very high during the day and cold at night. One of the distinguishing features is the construction of wind towers attached to the house, an element that extends beyond the region into Iran.